Technostress: The Consequences of Abusing New Technologies – Always connected, always available, always in “multitask mode”. These current arrangements can make us overwhelmed and alarmed. This is called “techno stress”. In severe cases, it can even be addictive.
New technologies have brought about change at every level, from social to cultural to economic. There is no doubt that its benefits, both communicationally and interpersonally and informally, are multiple and make life much easier.
However, poor management of their use, as well as the time we devote to it, can lead to different types of problems, such as nomophobia, FOMO syndrome or technical stress. Then we dive into it.
What is technostress?
In 1984, Craig Brod described this phenomenon for the first time as “an adaptive disease caused by a lack of ability to manage new computer technologies in a healthy way”.
Larry Rosen and Michele Well told in 1997 that popularized the term through their book Technostress: Dealing with Technology @ Work @ Home @ Play. In this case, the authors explained the technological stress as the negative impact of the technologies, directly or indirectly, on the attitudes, the thought, the physiology or the behavior of an individual.
As can be seen, techno-stress is a negative psychological state related to the use of technologies. According to the psychologist Marisa Salanova, this affection even stems from the perception of a gap between the demands and means of the use of ICTs that hinder the individual, negative attitudes and high levels of psychophysiological activation.
Thus, technological stress is the result of poor technology management, coupled with other factors such as poor self-control and a low tolerance for frustration.
Causes of technostress
The causes of technostress can be varied. In general, they are related to the age and generation to which the person belongs. Among them we find:
- Excessive information and demand for knowledge.
- The need to always be connected.
- The need to be always available.
- Refuse to use technology due to a lack of capacity to manage it.
- Dependence on new technologies. That is, the inability to break the time of its use and manage it effectively.
Addiction and technostress
Like researchers Salanova, M. and others (2007), new technologies offer immediate sensual stimulation to young and old.
How is this dependency developing now?
- Start by making tolerance. That is to say that you must be connected longer, in contact with new technologies.
- Second, create an addiction. Therefore, the person will probably try to stay in constant contact with these objects, which offer sensory stimulation.
- Finally, they can create true abstinence syndrome. For people who had addicted to technology, the deprivation of technology often results in restlessness, anxiety, irritability, and other related symptoms.
Why are they attracting so many new technologies?
According to various opinions, this attraction would be based on the way stimulation is presented by these technologies. Rapid reward and stimulation overload with constant change ensure the activation of the reward brain circuit.
That’s why this constant stimulation could at least give us pleasure and attract our attention. That’s why they are usually so attractive to us and so hard to ignore.
Treatment of technostress
In particularly severe cases, psychological therapy and in particular exposure-prevention therapy with a response-a behavioral strategy that is generally beneficial for the treatment of addictions, a psychological therapist would highly recommend. However, for less severe cases of presentation, You recommended to:
- Take the time to encourage face-to-face communication.
- Disconnect new technologies for sport or recreation.
- Learn only useful technologies.
- Impose a schedule of interaction with the technologies.
- use technologies to perform specific tasks; Never use them because we are getting boring or when we have nothing to do.
It is clear that, in some ways, new technologies have been good for people. Instead of condemning them, we can congratulate ourselves on our technical progress and the fact that we have made the world a place with fewer barriers.
However, it is very important to use these devices rationally and not to exclude our human interactions.